Nigerian Journal of Health Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66--71

Prevalence and correlates of obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a sample of undergraduate clinical medical students in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria


T Opakunle1, O Aloba2, O Opakunle3, A Oyewole4, O Osokoya1 
1 Department of Mental Health, State Specialist Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
4 Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T Opakunle
Department of Mental Health, State Specialist Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State
Nigeria

Background: Obsessive–compulsive symptoms (OCS) may be common, yet, under-recognised and under-reported among medical students. Their presence is associated with other mental disorders which could have negative impacts on the academic functioning of medical students. Objectives: The objective is to assess the prevalence and correlates of OCS in a sample of Nigerian clinical medical students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 209 Nigerian medical students in their clinical training years. They completed a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale – 21 and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results: The prevalence of OCS was 32.1%. Depression, anxiety and stress were present in 13.9%, 27.8% and 35.4% of the respondents, respectively. The presence of OCS was associated with stress, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem among the medical students. Conclusions: OCS is relatively common among clinical medical students. Their presence may worsen the difficulties experienced among medical students in the course of their training. There may be a need to be screening clinical medical students for the presence of OCS.


How to cite this article:
Opakunle T, Aloba O, Opakunle O, Oyewole A, Osokoya O. Prevalence and correlates of obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a sample of undergraduate clinical medical students in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria.Niger J Health Sci 2017;17:66-71


How to cite this URL:
Opakunle T, Aloba O, Opakunle O, Oyewole A, Osokoya O. Prevalence and correlates of obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a sample of undergraduate clinical medical students in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria. Niger J Health Sci [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Aug 11 ];17:66-71
Available from: http://www.chs-journal.com/article.asp?issn=1596-4078;year=2017;volume=17;issue=2;spage=66;epage=71;aulast=Opakunle;type=0